Organic farming methods are now implemented in many locations around India. One of the largest projects is being developed by the government of Madhya Pradesh. This is the most aggressive organic program in India, and probably one of the more aggressive in the world, with the project receiving a prominent mention on the Government of India site.
The government of Madhya Pradesh has created a combination of subsidies, with more than a thousand villages and towns receiving government support and training on organic methods, and regulations, as the use of genetically modified plants in farming has been forbidden and chemical use has been curtailed. Opponents of the GMOs such as the Rashtriya Swayamsavak Sangh party even compared the usage of genetically modified plants in farms to terrorism, according to the Business Standard.
Organic farming provides advantages. The use of chemicals has already caused damage in Madhya Pradesh, and the state leaders believe that its farmers will be able to export to other markets around the world. Many countries, such as the European Union, strongly regulate the use of GMOs, pesticides, and other non organic methods in imported foods. These farms are intended to be quite large, up to a thousand acres, and will be split up into plots for individual farmers, according to Destination Madhya Pradesh. Farmers will learn organic techniques such as how to use cow manure to fertilize the crops and use cow urine to kill pests without adding additional pesticides. The Indian government mentions training in eight types of composting methods, some of which are familiar from American sources, some which have Indian names like amrit sanjeevani.
These farms are designed for large scale production. They include additional structures such as warehouses, silos, duck pens, and barns. The state of Madhya Pradesh is also purchasing powered farm equipment such as tractors and harvesters. These would likely require petroleum but it’s possible they could be switched over to another power source in the future. A major investment, it will pay off, according to Tribune India, organic farm products can sell for more than a sixty percent premium over the usual crops. In a large state where most people are farmers, this makes a large difference. Recall also that these farmers, like farmers anywhere, usually owe large amounts of debt to the suppliers. This project allows them to reduce their reliance on expensive chemicals, get new powerful equipment that the government supplies to them, and sell their products overseas for much higher prices to pay off their loans. These types of projects bring hope to India’s farmers. The major crops in Madhya Pradesh are soybeans, garlic, coriander, and peas, according to Destination Madhya Pradesh.